What Is Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Arthritis was once considered a disease that only occurred in the elderly!


What Is Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Arthritis was once considered a disease that only occurred in the elderly. But now children under the age of 16 are also at risk. By identifying and treating its symptoms in the early stages, the child can live a healthy life.


Arthritis is usually associated with the elderly, but this disease can also affect children. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is an autoimmune disease that often affects children under the age of 16. It was previously known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. 

Regarding this arthritis in children, Dr. Rajesh Kumar Verma, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Gurugram says that the child may have to face many serious complications due to this. This includes obstruction in body development, weakness in joints, and eye-related problems. In such a situation, it is important to diagnose this disease in children as soon as possible, so that treatment can be started on time. This will help the child live a healthy life for a long time. 

This is how the symptoms of arthritis look in children

When children suffer from arthritis, the main symptoms seen are persistent joint pain, especially in the morning, swelling, stiffness, decreased mobility of the joints, increased body temperature, redness and tenderness around the joints, and limping.

Do not ignore these signs too.

Experts say that arthritis in children is not only indicated by joint pain but can also include fever and other systems like eye, kidney, liver, and most importantly heart-related problems, so regular checkups should be done for them. Due to weak immunity, children suffering from juvenile arthritis are also at higher risk of tonsillitis and frequent sore throat.

Which children are more at risk

Children who have a family history of juvenile arthritis are at a higher risk. Apart from this, girls are at a higher risk of some types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

How is arthritis tested? 

To diagnose arthritis in children, the pediatrician may ask for blood tests (CBC, ESR, CRP, Anti CCP, RA Factor, and other special tests) and radiological tests (X-ray, ultrasound, MRI).