What Is Alzheimer Disease: Alzheimer's is an incurable serious disease related to brain disorders


Alzheimer's disease is a major form of dementia that affects memory, thinking, and behavior. Over time, its symptoms become so severe that it becomes difficult to perform even everyday tasks. 


It is the leading cause of dementia, which involves severe memory loss and other mental impairments that interfere with daily life. Dr. Rameez Patwegar, Head-Technical Operations, Metropolis Healthcare Ltd, explains that Alzheimer's disease is responsible for 60-80% of dementia cases. Identifying this disease in the early stages can make the patient's life many times easier. Here you can know in detail about the symptoms of Alzheimer's and its diagnostic measures with the help of experts. 

Symptoms of Alzheimer's

As Alzheimer's disease progresses in the brain, its symptoms also become more severe. These include changes in mood and behavior, confusion about events, time, and place, suspicion about family, friends, and caregivers, loss of memory, as well as difficulty in speaking, swallowing, and walking.

Alzheimer's is caused by a problem in the brain. 

Brain cells work like tiny factories to carry out their functions. They get supplies. In such a situation, Alzheimer's disease prevents some parts of the cell from working properly. Although the actual cause of Alzheimer's cannot be ascertained yet, due to this disease, a part of the brain slowly starts to shut down. As the damage spreads, the cells lose their ability to function and eventually die, causing some changes in the brain that cannot be repaired again. 

Diagnosing Alzheimer's at an early stage can reduce complications.

Subtle changes in the brain begin to occur long before the first signs of memory loss. Alzheimer's pathology has been linked to low levels of Aβ42 and high levels of t-tau and p-tau in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which may help in early detection of the disease. Research is ongoing to find additional biomarkers for early detection of Alzheimer's disease. If Alzheimer's is caught in the early stages, the brain damage caused by it can be slowed down.

Diagnostic techniques and advancements

Early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease depends on the diagnostic techniques required. These methods help medical professionals identify cognitive decline, differentiate Alzheimer's from other types of dementia, and monitor the progression of the disease. The development and use of reliable diagnostic tools are critical to increase diagnostic accuracy, reduce misdiagnosis, and enable timely intervention.