HEALTH TIPS : Alert : The danger of Nipah increased amidst corona infection, know its symptoms and methods of prevention
There have been continuous ups and downs in the cases of corona infection for the last few days. There is a spurt in the daily cases of corona again. Kerala is the most affected state in the country, where daily cases of corona have been reported the most. Recent reports have increased the concern amid the corona infection. According to recent reports, along with corona in Kerala, the Nipah virus is also causing problems for people. Nipah has also claimed the life of a child in the state, with some health workers also showing signs of infection. An alert has been issued in the state as soon as the information about Nipah infection is received.
Amidst the ongoing havoc of Corona infection, the cases of the Nipah virus have increased the concern of all the people. In the year 1998, scientists first told about the Nipah virus. Between 2001 and 2008, the havoc of this virus has been seen in West Bengal. According to health experts, the Nipah virus can be transmitted to humans from animals (such as bats or pigs) or through contaminated food items. There can also be a risk of infection from one person to another. Let us try to know in more detail about Nipah virus infection in the following slides.
Know about the Nipah virus
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the symptoms of Nipah virus infection can range from asymptomatic to severe respiratory infections in people. Malignant encephalitis may also occur in some patients. The mortality rate due to Nipah infection has been observed to be between 40-75 percent. According to health experts, bats may be most at risk of spreading this infection. Since the virus can be transmitted from an infected person to other people, keeping this in mind people are advised to take special precautions.
Symptoms of Nipah Infection
According to WHO, the incubation period of infection (the interval from infection to onset of symptoms) can range from 4 to 14 days. In some cases, it may take up to 45 days for symptoms to appear. The infected may initially experience symptoms such as fever, headache, muscle aches, vomiting, and sore throat. In severe cases, pneumonia and respiratory problems may also be experienced. Some patients may develop encephalitis and seizures. As the condition worsens, the patient may even go into a coma.
Nipah infection treatment
According to the WHO, there is currently no specific medicine or treatment available for Nipah virus infection. At present, there is no vaccine to prevent this infection. Doctors may prescribe medicines and other treatments to ease patients' symptoms. According to WHO recommendations, the patient should be admitted to the ICU in severe cases of infection such as respiratory and neurological complications. Benefits can be obtained by using measures to prevent infection.
How to prevent Nipah infection
According to the WHO, since there is currently no vaccine available against the Nipah virus, prevention is considered most essential. Special care should be taken for cleaning and disinfection of pig farms to prevent infection. If an outbreak is suspected, animals should be immediately turned out. Avoid touching things that have come in contact with bats. Wash and clean fruits and vegetables thoroughly before using them. Keep distance from the infected person. It is very important to take care of the cleanliness of the hands.
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Nipah virus infection
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