Health: Double attack of obesity and malnutrition on humans in coming 12 years, know what is the reason


A report by the World Obesity Federation has claimed that in the coming 12 years, almost half of the world's population i.e. 51 per cent will be obese. It has been revealed in the report that this problem will increase mostly in low-income countries and the maximum number of people falling into its grip will be children.

Children most likely to be harmed
According to the report, compared to the year 2020, by 2035, the number of children suffering from obesity will almost double. That is, in the coming 15 years, 20.8 crore boys and about 17.5 crore girls below the age of 18 years will become obese.

Analyzing this data, the President of the World Obesity Federation, Luiz Bauer, says that the governments of all countries will have to take some necessary steps as soon as possible to prevent the situation from getting worse. The governments of the countries have to do everything possible from now on to avoid the health of the young generation, as well as the social and economic burden.
He said that "the most worrying revelation in the report is that the rate of obesity is increasing the fastest among children and adolescents."

Impact on GDP
The Federation has claimed that due to increasing obesity, problems will also increase among the people. To fix this, by the year 2035, the world will have to spend more than 4000 billion dollars. This is three per cent of the total GDP of all the countries of the world combined.

What is World Obesity Federation
The World Obesity Federation is an organization that works closely with the World Health Organization (WHO) and various global agencies on obesity. In the UK its members include the Association for the Study of Obesity.

Currently, 135 million people in India are obese
According to the World Health Organisation, obesity has tripled in the world since 1975. On the other hand, according to a report by Indian General Community Medicine, at present only 135 million people in India are suffering from the problem of obesity.

According to the World Obesity Federation report, childhood obesity in India is expected to increase by 9.1 percent annually by 2035. The same report said that about 11 percent of people in India will be obese by 2035, with an annual increase in adult obesity of 5.2 percent between 2020 and 2035.

What is overweight and obesity, know from experts
Dr Vivek Singh told in a conversation with ABP that being fat and being overweight are two different things. It is not necessary that if you are overweight then you are also fat. Explain the difference between the two in simple language, if your body mass index ie (BMI) is between 19 to 24.9 then you come in the normal range. But on the other hand, if the body mass index is 25 to 29.9, then you come in the category of overweight. If your body mass index is above 30 then that person is considered obese.

The doctor told that obesity of any person is a medical condition. Whenever a person carries more weight than his height and weight on his body and this weight harms his health, such a condition is called obesity.

How to know if you are fat or not
Dr Vivek Singh told that the easiest way is to know BMI. To know this, measure the weight in kg and divide it by the square meter of that person's length. This makes it easy to find out whether you are fat or overweight.

BMI has also been made the basis for preparing the report of the World Obesity Federation. Under this, the ratio of the length and weight of any person is extracted.

Poor countries will be hit
The Federation's report says that the biggest growth is expected to be experienced in 10 countries in the coming years. Nine of which are low- or middle-income countries in Africa and Asia. Federation's science instructor Rachel Jackson Leach says that such data should not be ignored. If low and middle-income countries do not take any concrete steps to deal with this problem, then they will have to face big consequences.