Discrimination increases the risk of psychiatric illness, the situation is more serious for adults
The study also indicated that the effects of discrimination among young adults are associated with inequalities in care for mental health problems and institutional discrimination in health care, including differences in diagnosis, treatment, and health impacts.
People who face discrimination are at greater risk of short-term or long-term mental and behavioral problems. This conclusion has come out in a recent study by researchers from the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA). This study is published in the journal Pediatrics.
For their study, the researchers analyzed a decade's worth of data from 1,834 people. Their ages ranged from 18 to 38 years at the start of the study. They found that the effect of discrimination is cumulative. Meaning those with higher incidences of discrimination are at higher risk of mental and behavioral problems.
The study also indicated that the impact of discrimination among young adults is associated with disparities in care for mental health problems and institutional discrimination in health care, including differences in diagnosis, treatment, and health impacts.
However, earlier studies have been done focusing on discrimination based on race, gender, age and appearance in childhood, mental stress, and drug use. Whereas in this new study, for the first time, the effect of the same group has been specifically investigated over time from childhood to adulthood and thereafter.
Yvonne Lei, a research student at UCLA's David Geffen School of Medicine, said that 75 percent of cases of chronic mental illness occur by the age of 24. Therefore, the transition phase of adulthood is very important for the prevention of such mental and behavioral health problems. According to him, based on this, we should reconsider reforming mental health services, so that care can be ensured on an equitable and rational basis.
According to researchers analyzing data from the University of Michigan's Adulthood Transition between 2007-2017, 93 percent of people admitted to being discriminated against. Of these, 26 percent cited age as a discriminatory factor. Along with this, 19 percent said that they were a victim of discrimination based on appearance, 14 percent by gender, and 13 percent based on caste or race.
What was the conclusion of the analysis?
An analysis of the data found that among participants who were discriminated against frequently (more than once a month), about 25 percent had psychiatric symptoms and a moderate risk of serious mental illness (those who experienced discrimination or not at all). or at least once a year) was twice more than people.
During the 10 years of the study, it was also found that young adults who experienced continuous year-over-year discrimination had a higher cumulative effect of psychopathy and was also associated with drug use and other health problems. These findings suggest that the effects of discrimination on mental and behavioral health care are multifaceted.