Ajab Gajab News: Where did the 382 kg soil brought from the moon go? What did NASA do with it? know
After the success of Chandrayaan-3, Australia has announced to send a rover to the moon, which will work as part of NASA's important Moon mission Artemis. Artemis is a manned mission that aims to land on the South Pole of the Moon and make several important discoveries. However, do you know that NASA had already brought 382 kg of soil from the moon to the Earth many years ago?
If yes, then you would know that in 1969, NASA launched the Apollo-11 mission, in which for the first time a human stepped on the surface of the moon. Under that mission, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin brought back about 22 kilograms of soil and pieces of natural rocks from the Moon. Subsequently, NASA delivered another 382 kilograms of soil from the Moon to Earth during other Moon missions, which included sand and dust as well as rock fragments.
Let us know where this soil is kept now and what NASA has done with it.
When NASA brought soil from the moon, it distributed it around the world for research, so that scientists around the world could investigate the mysteries of the moon's geology, and its origin. India was also given 100 grams of lunar soil at this time, and a small sample of this soil is still stored at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai and the Physical Research Lab in Ahmedabad. This pattern was confirmed some time ago by Dr V S Venkatavardhan, former director of the Tata Institute in Mumbai.
NASA has kept the soil brought from the moon safe with itself, which is preserved in Houston, Texas, and the Johnson Space Center. Here, NASA scientists are continuously doing research on this soil. Information obtained from lunar soil has provided us with new information about the Moon's stars, the Moon's timeline, and its composition. This information about the Moon is important for NASA's future missions to be better prepared to study the Moon.
While studying the lunar soil, NASA has built a special lab to simulate the atmosphere there like on Earth. In this lab, scientists have collected valuable information about the Moon to help NASA anticipate challenges for upcoming missions to the Moon.
NASA scientists have also discovered oxygen from the lunar soil while doing research in this lab. The discovery is significant, as it is the kind of day we are looking to walk on the Moon, and may provide an important source of information for human activities on the Moon.
Efforts were also made to grow plants on lunar soil. In this effort, initially, only small plants were grown in the lunar soil, but after more efforts, plants were seen growing in the lunar soil. This effort may help us think about the possibility of life on the Moon in the future, and prove that there may be more potential for life on the Moon.
These NASA research projects help us learn more about the mysteries of the Moon and prepare for human traffic, increasing our chances of making future Moon missions a success.