After Corona and Zika, the Nipah virus wreaks havoc in Kerala, know what are the symptoms of the disease, how to protect
In Kerala, facing the second wave of the corona epidemic, there is fear among people due to the Zika virus and now the Nipah virus. Two months ago, an alert was issued in Tamil Nadu and Kerala after 14 cases of the Zika virus were found in Kerala. Kerala, battling the second wave of Corona, suffered another setback on Sunday when a 12-year-old boy died in Kozhikode after being found infected with the Nipah virus. Symptoms of infection with the Nipah virus have been found in two more people in the state. Let us inform you that in May 2018, Nipah virus infection was first confirmed in Kerala. 17 people died after coming under the grip of this virus. What is the Nipah virus after all? What are its symptoms? How does it spread? After all, how does it become fatal?
Apart from pigs and bats, the spread of viruses from humans to humans
According to the World Health Organization, the Nipah virus (NiV) is a dangerous virus. It gives rise to a serious disease in animals and humans. Nipah virus was first detected in 1998 from Kampang Sungai Nipah in Malaysia. Due to this, the name of this virus was named Nipah. At that time the carriers of this virus were pigs. However, in the year 2004, the Nipah virus spread rapidly in Bangladesh. At that time there was no medium for the spread of the Nipah virus. However, people infected with the Nipah virus had tasted the liquid from the date palm tree. At that time it was believed that bats brought the virus to this fluid. The surprising thing is that recently the virus has been confirmed to be transmitted from person to person.
This disease causes damage to the brain
Nipah virus infection in humans can cause serious respiratory illness. Along with this, deadly encephalitis can also take its grip. It is a deadly disease. No injection or medicine has yet been made to cure this disease in humans or animals. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Nipah virus infection is associated with encephalitis. This disease causes damage to the brain. After exposure to it for five to 14 days, this virus can cause high fever and headache for three to 14 days.
Symptoms of illness
- A patient infected with the Nipah virus can put the patient in a coma for 24 to 48 hours. In the initial phase of infection, the patient has difficulty in breathing. Neurological problems also occur in some patients.
- The disease spread rapidly in Kerala in the year 1998-99. At that time 265 people had come under the grip of this virus. About 40 percent of these patients admitted to hospitals were those who had the severe nervous disease and did not survive.
- Generally, this virus is transmitted to humans from bats, pigs, or other humans who are vulnerable to infection. In Malaysia and Singapore, it was reported to be spread through pigs, while in India and Bangladesh, there is a high risk of contracting it due to human-to-human contact.