Abortion Law: What are the rules regarding abortion in India, women must know these things!


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The topic of abortion is constantly debated around the world, with differing opinions on whether it should be legally allowed. Some argue for women's autonomy in making this choice, while others face challenges in accepting it. Recently, the French government made an important announcement providing constitutional rights to abortion, making France the first country in the world to do so. Amidst these discussions, let's look at the abortion laws in India.

Legal Framework:

Similar to many countries globally, India has established laws regarding abortion. The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act states that only a qualified doctor can authorize an abortion. If the doctor determines that the fetus is a threat to the mother's life or that delivery may put her at risk, an abortion may be permitted.

How Many Weeks Abortion Can Be Aborted 

There is a specific time frame within which abortion is allowed. A woman who is less than 20 weeks pregnant, as confirmed by a doctor, can have an abortion. If the pregnancy is between 20 to 24 weeks, the opinion of two doctors is required. However, during this period, abortion is limited to specific cases such as rape victims, minors, or those facing physical or mental health problems. After 24 weeks, abortion can be done only with the approval of the medical board.

Challenges and legal actions:

In some cases abortion cases reach court. If valid reasons are presented, the court may grant permission for the procedure. It is important to note that not every case goes to court, and not all are granted leave. Attempting or forcing someone to have an illegal abortion can have legal consequences, including imprisonment.