Sunburn vs Suntan: Do you understand the difference between sunburn and suntan?

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Sunburn vs Suntan: Sunburn or suntan spoils the beauty of your skin. But not only this but both these problems caused by the rays of the sun can cause serious health problems.

Sunburn vs Suntan: Tanning and sunburns are common during the summer season. That's why experts insist on the use of sunscreen regularly. Also, it is important to understand the difference between sun tanning and sunburn.

What is tanning?

When your skin cells are exposed to UV rays from the sun, their protection mode is turned on. Melanin from the melanocytes moves to the keratinocytes, which are the surface cells of the skin. In defense mode, the melanin pigment prevents UV radiation from further cell damage.

Melanin covers like an umbrella over the nucleus of the cell, a process that occurs in all skin cells exposed to the sun, causing the skin to darken. This is the reason why tanning is visible in the exposed body parts. Tanning is the process in which as soon as the skin is exposed to the sun, the skin color (melanin) increases, which causes darkening. It is our body's natural defense mechanism that protects your skin from the sun like a shield.

However, people who have light skin tone have less amount of melanin in their skin. This is the reason that melanin is not able to protect their skin completely and instead of tanning, they struggle with sunburn.

What is Sunburn?

Sunburn is a skin reaction that occurs when the skin is exposed to excessive exposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun. You can see sunlight and feel the heat (infrared radiation), but you cannot see or feel UV rays. It can damage your skin even in cold and rainy weather.

Sunburn is a type of inflammation characterized by blistering, swelling, rash, and peeling of the skin and is caused by damage from UV rays, often within hours of exposure to the sun. This is dangerous, and can seriously damage the skin. Along with this, it can also lead to signs of premature aging and skin cancer.

Sunburn is more dangerous, but regular tanning can also lead to signs of premature aging and problems like cancer. So don't forget to apply sunscreen daily. Also, don't go out during peak summer, stay in the shade as much as possible and wear clothes that protect you.

Disclaimer: The advice and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be taken as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.