NHFS-5 survey: There are good signs regarding population prevention, experts expressed concern about this increasing threat
Increasing population is emerging as a big challenge at the global level. In the context of India, the situation is even more alarming. If we look at the statistics, the population of the country has been seen increasing very rapidly in the last decade. However, in this context, the recent figures released by the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) are a bit of a relief. According to the report of NFHS-5, the fertility rate in India has come down from 2.2 to 2.0. These figures are being considered better in view of population control measures. The total fertility rate (TFR), which is measured as the average number of children born per woman, has shown a decline. The report also said that obesity has increased rapidly in both men and women. Obesity has increased from 21 percent to 24 percent in women and from 19 percent to 23 percent in men. In terms of health, this increasing rate is being considered very challenging. The report said that the country is now seeing an increasing awareness of contraceptive measures among the people, which is a good sign in the context of the global challenge of population, although increasing obesity is emerging as a new problem. Let us further understand this report in detail.
Study of data of about six and a half lakh families
For this survey, samples were taken by NFHS from about 6.37 lakh families from 707 districts in 28 states and 8 union territories of the country. In which 7.24 lakh women and 1.01 lakh men were included. Experts in the data study found that people are now more aware than ever before about the prevention of increasing population. There are only five states in India which are above the fertility rate of 2.1. Bihar (2.98), Meghalaya (2.91), Uttar Pradesh (2.35) and Jharkhand (2.26) Manipur (2.17) are the states with fertility rates.
Child mortality rate decreased
Another thing has come to the fore in this survey, according to which there has been a slight decrease in the death rate of children under 5 years in India in the last four years. This figure has now come down from 38 per cent to 36 per cent. The incidence of stunting is lowest in Puducherry (20%) and highest in Meghalaya (47%). On this basis, experts say that it shows that the nutrition and care of children has improved more than before.
Obesity is a big problem
In this survey, experts have expressed concern about the problem of increasing obesity in both men and women. Obesity is known to be a factor in many serious diseases. Compared to NFHS-4, NFHS-5 has seen the problem of weight gain in people in most of the states. More than a third of women in Kerala, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Sikkim, Manipur, Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Punjab, Chandigarh and Lakshadweep (34-46 per cent) are overweight or obese. Health experts say that increasing obesity can cause many types of diseases, about which people need to be alert.