Iran Presidential Election: Can't a coalition government be formed in Iran like India? Know why re-elections are being held in just a week

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Iran Presidential Election: In the voting held on 28 June in Iran, no candidate got 50 percent votes. After which the second phase of elections will be held in the country on 5 July. The President is the supreme elected leader and his importance is second after the Supreme Leader.

iran elections

This time a record drop in voting percentage has been seen in Iran's presidential election. In the voting held on June 28, none of the 4 candidates crossed the 50 percent mark. A total of 40 percent i.e. 61 million people voted in the voting. This election has seen the lowest voter turnout since the 1979 revolution. In this election, reformist candidate Masoud Pezeshkian got the highest number of votes i.e. 10.41 million and conservative Saeed Jalali got 9.47 million votes. But neither of them could touch the 50 percent vote mark. After which there will be a run-off contest between the two candidates on July 5.

There were 4 candidates in the race to become the 14th President of the country, out of which the top two will compete in the run-off. In Iran, if any candidate gets less than 50 percent votes, then a second phase of the election is held. The one who gets the most votes in the run-off will become the next President of Iran.

Why can't a coalition government be formed?

Iran has a presidential system which means that the head of the country is the President. Here the President is the highest elected leader and his importance is second after the Supreme Leader. Iran's elections are not fought on a party basis, rather the presidential candidates present their candidature before the Guardian Council. The Guardian Council decides who will contest the elections and who will not. The Guardian Council is directly connected to the Supreme Leader.

Here, unlike India, if a majority is not achieved, support of any other party or candidate cannot be taken. Rather, a run-off contest takes place between the candidates who come first and second.

Debate took place among the candidates before the run off

Before the run-off, a debate took place between Masoud Pezeshkian and Saeed Jalali on an Iranian news channel. Both leaders targeted each other's foreign policy and tried to prove themselves as better presidential candidates in front of the public. Masoud Pezeshkian attacked Saeed Jalili and asked, "Tell me, with which one company have you succeeded in running the country?" On the other hand, Saeed Jalili claimed that if Masoud Pezeshkian comes to power, he will weaken Iran's foreign policy and bow down to the US and EU.


Earlier, runoff voting was done in the presidential election of 2005. That year too, no candidate could get more than 50 percent votes. Ahmadinejad had won then. Now it remains to be seen which of the two leaders wins in the run-off election to be held on July 5.