Will India be able to achieve the target of corona vaccination?
99 crore doses in 92 days, will India be able to achieve the target of corona vaccination
Covid Vaccination Drive: Now only 92 days are left to complete the vaccination of 99 crore doses in the country. Will the government be able to accomplish this? No! This is not possible. Learn why...
New Delhi. India is currently running the Corona Vaccination Program (Covid Vaccination Drive) for the 94 crore adult population of its country. The central government has set a target of vaccination of the entire adult population of the country by December 2021. In early September, Union Minister G. Kishan Reddy once again reiterated this point. Earlier in the month of June-July, the government has presented a blueprint for vaccination of all adults.
At present, the three vaccines through which vaccination is going on in the country, Kovishield-Covaccine-Sputnik V, all are of two doses. The central government had said that between October and December, 85 crore doses of Covishield and Covaccine would be available. Among these too, a big share is going to be from Covishield, which is likely to get 23 crore doses every month.
If we look at the data of the Ministry of Health, then at present the vaccination of 25.5 percent of the entire adult population of the country has been completed, that is, they have taken both doses. This means about 24 crore people. The number of people who have got one dose is about 41 crores. If we add up this whole number, it means that there are still 29 crore people who have not received a single dose of the vaccine.
If India has to provide both doses of the vaccine to its 94 crore population, then about 188 crore doses will be required. Of these, 89 crore doses i.e. 47 percent have been taken during the last 9 months. This means that now only 92 days are left to complete the vaccination of 53 percent i.e. 99 crore doses in the country. Will the government be able to accomplish this? No! This is not possible.
Why is it difficult to meet the target by December?
The reason for this is not the lack of vaccines, as was the case during the peak of the second wave of the pandemic. Because now there is tremendous production of Covishield and Covaccine. Apart from this, 2.5-2.5 crore doses of Zydus Cadila and Sputnik are also in the pipeline. Serum Institute may also launch another vaccine, Novavax, in India this month. Apart from this, the central government has also paid in advance for 300 million doses of the biological E vaccine, Corbevax. After approval, Bharat-Biotech's nasal vaccine may also be present. So the availability of vaccines is no longer a topic.
Time gap biggest obstacle
The biggest problem is the time gap between two doses of the vaccine. Kovishield is such a vaccine that covers 88 percent of the total dose administered in India. That is, 88 doses out of 100 are of this vaccine. In the next three months also, the maximum production is going to be of this vaccine. According to the current rules, the difference between two doses of this vaccine is about 84 days i.e. 12 weeks.
In such a situation, if we do a general calculation, then a total of 29 crore people have not received a single dose. If we go with the figure of 88 percent, then about 255 crore people will get Kovishield in the next three months. In such a situation, if people take the dose of Kovishield in the next months, then the turn of their second dose will come by January 2021. One way to meet the target is to reduce the time gap, but the government is not in favor of it yet.