Is the new variant of Covid mutated from AIDS patient B.1.1.529? Learn the answers to important questions

 | 
corona

A new form of Coronavirus has been detected in South Africa, due to which there is a possibility of a more rapid infection decision. Officials confirmed 22 cases related to it. The description of the new form of the virus (B.1.1.529) was posted by Dr Tom Peacock, the virologist at Imperial College London

London/Johannesburg. A new form of Coronavirus has been detected in South Africa, due to which there is a possibility of a more rapid infection decision. Officials confirmed 22 cases related to this on Thursday. Dr Tom Peacock, a virologist at Imperial College London, posted the details of the new form of the virus (B.1.1.529) on his Twitter account earlier this week. After that scientists are looking into this form. However, in the UK it is not yet formally classified as a cause of concern.

Scientists around the world will now look at the new pattern for signs of rapid spread. South Africa's National Institute of Public Health- the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) confirmed that B.1.1529 has been detected in South Africa and 22 cases of B.1.1.529 have been confirmed after genome sequencing.

NICD Acting Executive Director Professor Adrian Puren said, 'It is not surprising that a new pattern has been detected in South Africa… Although the data is still limited, our experts are working on all established surveillance systems to understand the new pattern. We are working continuously together.' B.1.1.529 variant was first spotted in Botswana (South African country). So far only 22 cases have been confirmed by genomic sequencing.

In which countries were the cases found?

  • The first cases of this variant were confirmed in Botswana on 11 November, and three days later, South Africa reported similar cases. The only other country officially found is Hong Kong where this variant has been found. The 36-year-old man from Hong Kong went to South Africa and lived there from October 22 to November 11. This variant was found in it during the quarantine on 13 November.

Why is it more contagious?

  • The mutation P681H observed in the new variant has also been reported in the Alpha, Mu, some Gamma and B.1.1.318 variants. The new variant also has the N679K mutation, which has been reported in many other variants. The new variant also carries a mutation named N501Y which is listed as Variant of Concern. Studies have claimed that this mutation makes the variant more infectious. This easily brings the virus into contact with the human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptors.

Why are scientists worried?

  • Scientists have warned that such mutations can make the body very sick, dodging the body's protective shield. So far only 22 cases have been reported in three countries, but this news has spread panic among people and experts. Experts claim that coronavirus can defeat immunity through mutation.

Did the new variant develop from a chronic infection in an AIDS patient?

  • According to a report in Hindustan Times, François Balloux, Professor of Computational Systems Biology and Director of the UCL Genetics Institute, warned that a person with a weakened immune system is likely to develop the variant during chronic infection. In a press release from the Science Media Center, Balloux said the person with weakened immunity was likely an HIV/AIDS patient who had not yet started treatment.

How many Covid-19 variants so far?

  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are 4 variants so far which include alpha (b.1.1.7, 'UK variant'), beta (b.1.351, 'South Africa variant'), gamma (p.1, 'Brazil variant'). ') and Delta (lineage b.1.617.2).