10 things related to Pokhran Nuclear Tests, which you will salute Indian scientists after reading


On May 11, 1998, India proudly declared to the world that it had become a powerful country with Atomic Power.

Facts About Pokhran Atomic Nuclear Tests. The year 1998 was important in the history of India. This year India became a country equipped with Nuclear Superpower. Countries around the world considered India's iron and praised India's progress. The most important thing about this mission was that this mission was secret. Under the nose of the US spy agency, CIA (Central Intelligence Agency), India made the impossible possible with few resources.

Source: India Today

Let us look at some interesting facts related to Pokhkaran today-

1.The first country to test other than UN Security Council countries

The United Nations Security Council has 5 Permanent Countries - China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, and the United States. Apart from all these, India is the first country to conduct a nuclear test.

Source: India Today

2.On 11 May 1998, India successfully tested the Shakti-1 (Shakti 1) Nuclear Missile. The name of this secret operation was 'Mission Shakti'. On 13 May, India conducted 2 more nuclear tests and became the Nuclear Power Nation. The nuclear device was named Shakti 1 to Shakti 5 and the Poles used in the test were named White House, Taj Mahal, and Kumbhakaran.

Source: The Hindu

3.The second nuclear test was

In May 1974, the first nuclear test, Pokhran 1 was done. The name of this mission was Operation Smiling Buddha. CIA detectives had discovered the news of the test, so the testing had to be stopped.

Source: New Indian Express

4.Scientists used to work at night

The scientists of our country had only 1.5 years to prepare for the mission. It was most important to keep this mission secret because the CIA was eyeing us. There was difficulty in taking pictures from the satellite at night, so the scientists worked at night.

Source: Dia Nuke

5.Scientists used to reach the site in disguise of a soldier

The then Foreign Secretary K. Raghunath told the US that India was not testing nuclear weapons, and only a few months after that India did the testing. To keep the mission secret, scientists disguised army officers and all were given different names. Abdul Kalam's name was Major General Prithvi Raj and Rajagopala Chidambaram (then Atomic Energy Chief) was named Nataraj.

Source: Times of India

6.5 Nuclear Bombs Tested

A total of 5 nuclear missiles were tested in the Pokhran-2 mission. The first bomb was the Fusion Bomb and the remaining four were the Fission Bomb. This testing was done through Fission Device and Low Yield Thermonuclear Device.

Source: Nuclear Weapon Archive

7.Testing was to be held on 27 April but was postponed

The date of the first testing was kept on April 27, but on this day, Dr. R. Chidambaram's daughter was married. Due to the absence of Dr. Chidambaram, others could have got doubt, so the date was extended.

Source: Times of India

8.Strong winds were blowing on the day of testing

On the day of testing, there were strong winds and this was hindering the testing. Winds were blowing only in the area where people lived. In such a situation, there was a danger of spreading Radiation to the common people. At noon the wind speed was reduced and testing was done.

Source: Nuclear Weapon Archive

9.National Technology Day

The then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared National Technology Day on 11 May.

Source: Hindustan Times

10.Defense Minister was not even aware

This mission was so important that information about this mission was not even given to the country's Defense Minister, George Fernandes. The mission was discussed between Prime Minister Vajpayee, Kalam, and Dr. Chidambaram.

Scientists gave us the fame that we have been waiting for a long time, the time has come for us to tell, read and listen to their stories.

Sources- The Speaking Tree, Quora