Hepatitis is a liver disease caused by a viral infection. Inflammation of the liver occurs due to hepatitis. There are 5 types of hepatitis. Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E.
Hepatitis B and C cause chronic disease in millions of people. This is because they cause liver cirrhosis and cancer. This is the reason why World Hepatitis Day is celebrated every year on 28 July to increase awareness among people about hepatitis all over the world. Hepatitis can be prevented by getting the child vaccinated after birth.
Dr. Rajneesh Monga, HOD, Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Paras Hospital, Gurgaon, says that “hepatitis is inflammation of the liver due to various infections (from hepatitis A to E) and non-infectious causes like fat and alcohol. Chronic hepatitis B infection in India is about 11% of the world. Every year, HBV infection causes about 115,000 deaths in India and the child is the most likely to contract this infection.
What are the types of hepatitis?
Dr. Shuchin Bajaj, Director, and Founder, Ujala Sinus Group of Hospitals, said, “Viral hepatitis is one of the major health problems in India. Along with this, Hepatitis-B and Hepatitis-C are chronic and fatal, both these types. are also seen more in India. Both Hepatitis-B and Hepatitis-C viruses can remain dormant for up to 20 years, without warning, making the condition worse and causing liver cirrhosis.”
Hepatitis A - According to WHO, more than 14 people fall prey to this disease every year. It spreads through contaminated food and water.
Hepatitis B - Hepatitis B is caused by the use of infected needles, blades, etc. Hepatitis B can be passed on to the baby from an infected mother during childbirth. It can also be caused by using items used by an infected person such as beard blades, toothbrushes.
Hepatitis C – This virus damages your liver by spreading through infected blood. Which can also lead to failure or cancer in the future.
Hepatitis D – This occurs only if the patient has already been infected with B or C. Hepatitis-D virus can live on B. Therefore, people who have been infected with hepatitis can also become infected with hepatitis D. This makes the situation even more delicate.
Hepatitis E- This is the cause of hepatitis infection in most countries of the world. It is more due to contaminated water and food.
Why does hepatitis happen?
Dr. Ayush Dhingra, Consultant, Medical Gastroenterology at Columbia Asia Hospital, Gurugram says, “Hepatitis refers to inflammation of the organ that processes nutrients, filters the blood, and fights infection. This organ is the liver. Inflammation that occurs in the liver is called hepatitis. When there is inflammation or damage to the liver, liver function can be affected. Excessive drinking, toxins, certain medications, and certain medical conditions Hepatitis gives rise to the problem."
- autoimmune condition
- alcohol intake
-Hepatitis is caused due to liver infection, due to this viral infection, the risk of life also increases.
- viral infection
- Taking an overdose of medicine
Symptoms of Hepatitis
- being too tired
- nausea vomiting
- darkening of urine
- Abdominal pain and bloating
- loss of appetite
- event of weight