West Nile Virus: What is West Nile Virus, which Russia has described as a threat?


Countries around the world have been battling the coronavirus epidemic for the last one and a half years, in the meantime, many new diseases have also caught people in their grip. Due to which the medical world is constantly under a lot of pressure. Now Russia has expressed the possibility that cases of West Nile virus infection may increase in winter and therefore has issued a warning about it. He says that a moist and cold environment is responsible for the spread of this virus because mosquitoes grow at such temperatures only. Russia's health regulatory agency Rospetrobnazor said the autumn season could be longer this year and therefore it is expected that the virus-carrying mosquitoes could be seen in large numbers.

West Nile virus, originally from Africa, has now spread to Asia, Europe, and North America. WNV is mainly transmitted by mosquito bites and can cause fatal neurological diseases in humans. More than 80% of West Nile fever cases in Russia have been recorded in the Southwest region. According to the World Health Organization, there is no vaccine available against the virus in humans, although one exists for horses.

What is West Nile Virus?

West Nile virus is a contagious disease transmitted by infectious mosquitoes. The disease is transmitted from birds to humans through the bite of an infected Culex mosquito. It can also lead to fatal nervous system disease in humans. According to the World Health Organization, the virus causes West Nile fever in about 20% of cases. It is related to dengue, zika, and yellow fever viruses.

What are the symptoms of the West Nile virus?

People infected with the West Nile virus usually have no symptoms or mild symptoms. Symptoms of the disease include headache, fever, skin rash, body aches, and swollen lymph glands. Symptoms of the virus can last from a few days to several weeks, and usually, they go away on their own.

Who is at risk of getting infected by this?

Children, older people, and people who have weak immunity are at a higher risk of contracting the West Nile virus.

How dangerous is this virus?

If the West Nile virus reaches the brain, it can prove to be dangerous as well as fatal. This disease can cause inflammation of the brain, called encephalitis, or meningitis, in which the spinal cord and tissues around the brain become inflamed.

What is its treatment?

There is no cure and no vaccine for the West Nile virus for humans. Avoiding mosquito bites is the best way to avoid infection.

Disclaimer: The advice and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purpose only and should not be taken as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.