Some people call Qatar the 'deteriorated child' of the Persian Gulf. Even the al-Thani clan, which has been ruling Qatar for the last 150 years, finds people dubbed the 'toughest family in the neighborhood'. Qatar is embroiled in a diplomatic dispute with its neighbors. Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and Egypt have some complaints from Qatar and have broken diplomatic relations. These countries accuse Qatar of promoting extremist activities, which Doha denies.
But experts see the cause of problems in the past of this small country with the highest per capita income. He says that in the past yesterday, Kritar has been infamous for human rights violations. Qatar came into existence as a country in 1850 and since then the Al-Thani dynasty has been ruling here. For generations, the heirs of the dynasty continued to hold power, but it is not that Qatar saw these changes silently.
Peter Salisbury, an expert on Middle East affairs at the Royal Institutes of International Affairs in London, says, "A family was ruling a small piece of land. It had nothing of its own importance. For a long time, it was a state of Saudi Arabia. As well. But with time, they managed to make their presence in this area of big countries. " During the 1980s and 1990s, Qatar's Aamir Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani and other members of the al-Thani dynasty sitting in government decided that Qatar would not interfere in the affairs of others.
Initially, it was believed that they deliberately wanted to remain isolated, but the Al-Thani family was more concerned about maintaining peace within Qatar. But in 1995 everything changed. In the absence of his father, Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, the princess of Aamir, overthrew his sultanate without any bloodshed.
Relationship with Saudi Arabia
His father Amir Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani was on a visit to Switzerland when Shahzade Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani was occupying the government. According to Peter Salisbury, this incident completely changed the Al-Thani family's attitude towards international politics. He says, "Due to the rapid change in different dynasties in the last 20 years, some people have started calling them trouble."
According to Peter Salisbury, "a clan of tribes who had ties with Saudi Arabia and were considered Nakabilegore became a clan of well-known people who have participated in international forums." He adds further, and as we saw it raised doubts. Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani's Abba Aamir Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani had close ties with Saudi Arabia but the picture changed after Shehzade came to power. Their policies led to differences in Qatar's differences with neighboring countries. The neighboring countries see what happened in Qatar as a bad example.
However, the neighboring countries of Qatar also have a royalty regime. Sheikh Hamad gave new momentum to the development of natural gas reserves as soon as he came to power. In 1996, Qatar began exporting LNG for the first time in history. In the same year, Saudi Arabia was accused of overthrowing the rule of Sheikh Hamad. It was said that Saudi Arabia wants to bring Sheikh Khalifa back to power. Qatar quickly became a regional power due to export earnings.
Today it is the largest exporter of liquid natural gas or LNG. Not only this, he is working with Saudi Arabia's biggest enemy country, Iran, for the development of the LNG field. Peter Salisbury says, "The neighboring countries felt that major changes were taking place in Qatar. The rule of Sheikh Khalifa was very different. They ruled silently but Sheikh Hamad was like a gust of fresh air. Young, energetic And Khudmukhtar Sheikh Hamad wanted to change. "
Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani
Sheikh Hamad and his Foreign Minister Sheikh Haman bin Jassim al-Thani played a leading role in making Qatar a regional superpower and on international forums. Under the rule of Aamir Hamad, Qatar not only expanded its international policy but also started a news channel named Al-Jazeera. Al-Jazeera emerged as a major voice in the Arab world. Qatar is also a major global investor worldwide.
In 2013, Aamir decided to relinquish power and hand over the throne to his fourth son Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani. Tamim bin Hamad was 33 years old at the time. Neighbors felt that the attitude of the new Aamir would be balanced, but this expectation was too short. A few months after Muhammad Mursi's ouster from power in Egypt, initial reports surfaced that the new Aamir is allowing members of the Muslim Brotherhood to regroup in Doha.
The fans of this Sunni extremist group were growing in the Arab world. The Muslim Brotherhood was soon ruled by Bahrain, Egypt, Russia, Syria, and Saudi Arabia as an extremist faction. In March 2014, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates called their ambassadors from Doha. Today the same thing is being repeated again.
Ultimately, Qatar agreed to send members of the Muslim Brotherhood to Turkey, and the dispute was halted by November of the same year. Meanwhile, Qatar continued to invest its wealth worldwide. In Britain alone, the Al-Thani dynasty has invested $ 50 billion.