Monsoon and pre-monsoon rains have started in many states of the country. A daily rain alert is being issued by the Meteorological Department. At the same time, with the onset of the monsoon, many districts of Bihar have been hit by floods. These situations occur more or less every year in the country and many other states other than Bihar see devastation due to floods. Meanwhile, today we are going to tell you about the Dutch country Netherlands, which has found a permanent solution to its floods. Let us tell you that there was a time when this country used to face a disaster like a flood, but today many countries around the world are learning water management from the Netherlands.
In the Netherlands, which is always under the threat of floods, rescue efforts have been done for a long time, but after the year 1953, it has become very fast. Because in that year's rain, 600 square miles were completely submerged in water, leaving thousands of people homeless and about two thousand people lost their lives.
Let us tell that 25 percent of the Netherlands is below sea level and more than 20 percent of the country's population lives in this part. After the floods of 1953, work on flood-defense systems in the Netherlands accelerated. Along with the scientists, the common people also started trying on their behalf how to reduce the risk of flood?
Embankments were built along the sea in this country that was always under the threat of floods. There is a huge gate on the sea in the city of Rotterdam, which acts as a stop for water. Let us tell you that water sports are also organized with the accumulated water here.
The drainage system of the Netherlands, built in the 17th century itself, is also very good and its maintenance is given constant attention. Cities in this country have pumping systems for drainage. These pumping systems, which look like windmills, remove excess water from the city and transport it to the rivers and canals so that agriculture can be done.
Let us tell you that floating houses have also been built in the Netherlands. You will find such houses to see from Amsterdam to Lagos. In such houses, the base is of cement, but it is filled with styrofoam so that they do not submerge in water.
Apart from the Netherlands, many western countries are doing great work on water management. There is a mechanical barrier on the Thames River in London, which keeps the city from flooding. Many reservoirs were prepared for water in France. The world's largest underground floodwater diversion facility has been built in Japan.