When Sun God (Surya Dev) enters Capricorn, then the festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated. On this day, lakhs of devotees bathe and donate and do religion on the banks of the Ganges and other holy rivers.
Makar Sankranti 2021The festival has special significance in Hinduism. This year, this festival will be celebrated on 14 January. According to mythological beliefs, this day is celebrated for the arrival of new fruits and new seasons. When Sun God enters Capricorn, then the festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated. On this day, lakhs of devotees bathe and donate and do religion on the banks of the Ganges and other holy rivers. According to Hindu religious beliefs, on the day of Makar Sankranti, Lord Vishnu slaughtered the demons on the earth and cut their heads, and buried them on the Mandara mountain. Since then, this victory of Lord Vishnu started to be celebrated as Makar Sankranti festival. At the same time, it is believed that Lord Krishna had said that if a person renounces his body on this day, he gets salvation. Although all the festivals are celebrated all over the country, the talk of Makar Sankranti is different. It is celebrated in different ways in different states.
Makar Sankranti festival in Uttar Pradesh is called 'Festival of charity'. It is celebrated on 14 January. It is believed that Makar Sankranti starts the good days on earth and auspicious things can be done. There is a tradition of donating after the bath on the day of Sankranti. Fairs are also organized on the Ganges Ghats. It is known as the Khichdi festival in the whole state. On this day in the state, colorful kites are seen waving everywhere in the sky.
Punjab and Haryana
In Punjab and Haryana, it is celebrated a day before January 14. There this festival is known as 'Lohiri'. On this day, while worshiping Agnidev, sesame, jaggery, rice, and roasted maize are offered in it. This festival is very special for new brides and newborns. All feed each other sweets made of sesame and sing Lohiri folk songs.
In West Bengal, a huge fair is organized on this festival at Gangasagar. There is a practice of donating sesame after bathing here on this festival day. It is said that on this day Yashoda ji fasted for the attainment of Shri Krishna. Also on the same day, mother Ganga followed Bhagirath and met Kapil Muni's ashram and went to the Ganges Sagar. This is the reason that every year on the day of Makar Sankranti, there is a huge crowd in the Ganges Sagar.
Bihar also knows Makar Sankranti by the name of Khichdi festival. There is a tradition of donating urad dal, rice, sesame, khatai, and woolen clothes.
In Assam, it is known as 'Magh-Bihu' and 'Bhogali-Bihu'. At the same time, in Tamil Nadu, we celebrate this festival for four days. Here, the first day is celebrated as Bhogi-Pongal, the second day as Surya-Pongal, the third day as Mattoo-Pongal, and the fourth day as 'Kanya-Pongal'. According to the days, worship is done here.
On this day in Rajasthan, many daughters take blessings from their mother-in-law by giving them sweets and fruits. Apart from this, there is different importance of donating the number of 14 items of any good fortune there.
Maharashtra behind this story
In Maharashtra, it is customary to distribute a halwa called Gool on this day. People also donate to the needy. (Disclaimer: The information given in this article is based on general information. Newscrab does not confirm these. Contact the concerned specialist before implementing them.)