Keoladeo National Park, formerly known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, is in the Bharatpur area of Rajasthan state of India. This bird sanctuary is a house for more than 230 species of birds, thousands of rare and extinct species of birds are found here.
This park is also known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park. With a huge tourist attraction, this place has also been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. In 1971, this park was declared a protected park. It is a wetland, which was built to protect the Bharatpur area from the frequent floods. Earlier this place was used for hunting of waterfowl and now it is used as a pastoral land for the cattle of the villages. It is locally called Ghana and in this 28-kilometer park, there are grasslands, woodlands, woodland swamps and wetlands of just 2,873 ha.
The park is home to over 230 varieties of birds, 50 species of fish, seven species of amphibians, 13 species of snakes, species of turtles, 5 species of lizards and others such as the basking python, painted storks, deer, nilgai and more. Apart from this, you will found 379 varieties of flowers in Keoladeo National Park. In winter, thousands of migratory waterfowlers come here for reproduction and for a short stay.
Keoladeo was declared a national park and then later listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 named after the nearby Keoladeo temple. From 1726 to 1763 Maharaja Surajmal was the King of Bharatpur. He built Ajana dam on the confluence of two rivers of the area, Banganga, and the Gambhir River. Due to this the area always remained submerged. Traditionally, the Maharaja of Bharatpur used this park as a hunting ground for annual duck hunting in honor of British Viceroy. On March 13, 1976, this region was declared a Bird Sanctuary. On 10 March 1982, this place was established as a bird sanctuary. In 1985, Keoladeo National Park has declared a World Heritage Site under the World Heritage Convention. This protected forest is now the property of Rajasthan Government under the Rajasthan Forest Act, 1953. In 1982, there was a ban on grazing cattle in the village, which also resulted in a conflict between the government and local farmers.
Where it is situated
Keoladeo National Park is 2 kilometers south-east of Bharatpur in eastern Rajasthan. It is west of 50 kilometers away from Agra.
Best time to travel
The Keoladeo National Park is open all year round. Winter is the best time to visit Keoladeo National Park or Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.
Keoladeo National Park is open all day long from sunrise to sunset.
Indians: INR 50,
Foreigners: INR 400,
Video Camera: INR 200
Place to stay
Bharatpur forest lodge, also known as Shanti Kutir, is the only place to stay in this protected forest. It is a government property operated by ITDC. This lodge has 16 rooms for guests in this lodge. Post Office and Circuit House are also a good choice. Heritage hotels in Bharatpur can be accommodated in converted havelis, palaces and elsewhere. There are also three-star hotels available here.
How to reach
Jaipur and Delhi, these are two closest airports that are very well connected to other parts of the country. Bharatpur junction is the nearest railway station from Keoladeo National Park. The Palace On Wheel Luxury Rail also covers the Keoladeo National Park in its journey. Bharatpur road is well connected to other cities. Regular buses are available from Jaipur, Mathura, Delhi, Alwar and other places nearby. Private taxis are also available from Jaipur, Agra, and Delhi.