Those who think that TB is a pulmonary disease that damages our lungs should think again about their thinking. Medical statistics show that 5 to 10 percent of TB patients in India suffer from bone TB and due to negligence of bone TB, the number of such patients is increasing in which TB bacteria affects bones and spine. is. India is home to about one lakh people who suffer from osteoarticular tuberculosis.
Damages the spine joint
Although TB initially affects the lungs only, it can gradually spread to other parts of the body via bleeding, commonly known as extrapulmonary or disseminated tuberculosis. Damage to the long bones and vertebrae (spine joint) is generally considered to be the major cause of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, and the disease can affect people of all ages. Also, any bone can be affected in it but usually, it attacks the spine and weight-bearing joints like hands, wrists, and elbows. The type of pain also depends on the exact location of tuberculosis. For example, in the case of spine TB, the pain in the lower back is so severe that the patient has to undergo treatment.
Pain is different from Arthritis
Bone TB is mistaken for early-stage arthritis. Therefore, to understand it separately from the pain of arthritis, patients should consider the nature of its pain. Most patients with Arthritis feel relief while sleeping at night. But patients suffering from bone TB have more difficulty sleeping while the activity of bacteria increases during this time.
Hip and knee joints are damaged
Spinal tuberculosis is also known as "Pats" disease which usually affects the inaccessible part of the spine. It causes persistent and unbearable back pain because its viruses continue to damage the discs that protect the vertebrae. Tuberculosis of joints causes pain along with stiffness. Tuberculosis osteomyelitis, a bone infection, causes persistent pain in the bones and also increases tissue problems around it, leading to problems such as "carpal tunnel syndrome" if the wrist is affected. The joints of the hip and knees of a person affected by joint TB slowly start to get damaged.
Spinal TB spreads
Similarly, if untreated, spinal tuberculosis can spread from the vertebrae to the vertebrae, the bones begin to weaken and the discs that act as cushions between them get damaged. In severe cases, the spine may be completely damaged and the spinal cord may become clogged, which may cause paralysis in the lower part of the body.
Can get hump
If the spinal TB begins to damage the vertebrae and the disc, the spinal cord comes out and becomes a hump. If spinal TB is not diagnosed at the right time and left untreated, it can be severe and can cause severe paralysis that takes years to heal.
Lungs are infected
There may or may not be common symptoms of tuberculosis in the bones of TB patients, such as fever, fatigue, night sweats, and inexplicable weight loss. Although the lungs of about half of patients suffering from Bone TB are also infected, when the disease is not generally active, it means that patients suffering from Bone TB do not get phlegm and they do not get this idea. Is that they are suffering from tuberculosis. It takes years for its initial symptoms to become apparent.
Takes time for treatment
In addition, patients suffering from bone TB are generally not contagious because the active virus of phlegm spreads through the particles until you come in contact with the patient's pus. Another important thing is that Bone TB can affect the bone marrow, so only timely and complete treatment can relieve patients from this disease. The duration of treatment depends on the location and severity of the infection. But in contrast to lung TB, treatment of bone and spine TB takes a little more time due to the severity of infection.
A complete course of medicines is necessary
The treatment of normal bone TB takes one year and in the case of spine TB, paralysis is treated and the recovery period depends on the minor, partial, or severe paralysis. In the case of MDR TB, many medicines are neutralized on patients and it takes a long time to recover completely. TB patients are "strictly" instructed to take a full course of medicines and it should never be left without consulting a doctor.