Congenital heart defect (CHD) is a condition of the heart present in the child during its birth. The disease accounts for one-third of all congenital birth defects in India. Every year 9 out of 1000 live children in India are born with congenital heart defects. The number of children affected by it is more than 200,000 every year. Every fifth of these affected children is likely to have a serious defect. Symptoms of a congenital heart defect in children include blushing of the nails or lips, too fast or difficulty breathing, tiredness while drinking milk, and sleeping too much. Know from the next slides the important information told by Miracles Mediclinic and Apollo Cradle Hospital, Gurugram and Key Gynecologist and Obstetrician Dr. Sheila Gaur.
These diseases are-
Commonly seen CHDs include atrial septal defect, atrioventricular septal defect, and ventricular septal defect, while coarctation of the aorta in children with the more critical, double-outlet right ventricle, de-transposition of the great arteries, Ebstein anomaly, hypoplastic left syndrome, Includes closed aortic extracts, pulmonary atresia, single ventricle, Fallot's tetralogy, total anomalous pulmonary venous return, tricuspid atresia, and truncus arteriosus.
Congenital heart disease can occur due to these reasons
Mother's contact with unwanted substances
When there is a structure of the baby's heart in the womb, exposure to an unwanted element at that time has a bad effect on development and it has a permanent effect on the structure of the baby's heart and how it works, including a small heart. From hole to severe signs such as non-formation or absence of a part of the heart are also included.
Maternal diabetes is the most serious cause of congenital heart defects in a child. The risk of a congenital heart defect in a child is higher than that of women who do not have diabetes when a pregnant woman with diabetes type 1 and diabetes type 2 gives birth. Increased levels of insulin hormone in the body can also inhibit normal fetal development, hence it is considered very dangerous.
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Women who consume alcohol continuously and regularly during pregnancy. Their child may have CHD with mostly atrial or ventricular septal defects. Rubella or German measles is another factor that can affect fetal health. Women who suffer from the flu within the first trimester are more likely to have children with CHD conditions.
Use of different medicines
Drugs consumed by mothers increase the risk of CHD in the child. Eating ibuprofen pen killer after 30 weeks of pregnancy can increase the risk of heart problems for the baby. In addition, some anti-seizure drugs such as benzodiazepines and acne medications such as isotretinoin and topical retinoids also have side effects on fetal development.