Seeing the way the Corona epidemic has wreaked havoc in the world, scientists from all over the world have become cautious and all efforts and research are being done to ensure that no future epidemic occurs. Since Kovid-19 is a new virus, it took some time to understand, but what about the Nipah virus? This virus has been in existence for many years and it is considered fatal and dangerous, so can this virus become the reason for the next pandemic? The most difficult thing is that no vaccine has been made so far. Let us know how dangerous the Nipah virus is, how it spreads, what are its symptoms, and what should be done to prevent it?
When was the Nipah virus discovered?
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Nipah virus (NiV) was first discovered in 1999 in Malaysia and Singapore after outbreaks of pigs and people. Although no new cases have been reported in both these places since 1999, cases of infection with this virus have been seen in many other countries including India. A few years ago, many people died due to this virus in Kerala.
How dangerous is the Nipah virus?
Nipah virus infection in humans can cause severe respiratory disease or even fatal encephalitis. Experts say that 40–75 percent of those infected with the virus die. However, it depends on where the infection has spread. When the virus spread for the first time, more than 250 people were affected and about 40 percent of these patients admitted to hospitals had the severe nervous disease and died. Now you can understand how dangerous this virus is.
How does the Nipah virus spread?
The virus can spread to humans in these ways:
Direct contact with infected animals (eg pigs or bats) or from their body fluids (eg, blood, urine, or saliva)
Consuming food contaminated by the body fluids of infected animals (eg by drinking palm juice or eating fruit contaminated by infected bats)
In contact with a person infected with Nipah virus or his body fluids (eg nasal or respiratory droplets, urine or blood)
What are the symptoms of the Nipah virus?
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nipah virus infection is associated with encephalitis, which causes brain damage.
In the early stages of its infection, there is difficulty in breathing while half of the patients also have neurological problems.
The infection causes swelling in the brain.
There are also problems with high fever, headache, sore throat, cough, and muscle aches.
Symptoms usually appear 4–14 days after exposure to the virus.
After its grip, the virus can cause high fever and headache for three to 14 days.
It is so dangerous that in just 24-48 hours, an infected person can get into a coma.
What are the ways to prevent the Nipah virus?
Do not consume fruits
Wash hands periodically with soap-water
Do not get close to the person infected with this virus
Stay away from the dead bodies of those who died due to this virus
Contact a doctor immediately if you have a high fever