Scientists have confirmed the presence of water on the surface of the Moon illuminated by the Sun for the first time. This discovery indicates that there may be water molecules everywhere on the surface of the moon and that they do not occur only in cold and shady places as previously thought.
Researchers at other institutions, including the University of Hawaii at the United States, have detected water molecules (H2O) in the Clavius crater using data from NASA's Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (Sophia). This crater is one of the largest pits on the Moon and is located on its southern hemisphere. It can be seen from the earth.
Earlier, during the Chandrayaan-1 mission of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), one type of hydrogen was detected in other studies, including studies on the lunar surface, while NASA scientists said that water and its close chemical The difference between relative hydroxyl (OH) is not clear.
The details of the present study published in the journal Nature Astronomy show that the Clavius crater area contains water with concentrations of 100 to 412 parts per million in a cubic meter volume of dust spread on the surface of the moon and close to - About 12 oz is equal to a bottle of water. Researchers have said by comparison that the amount of water on the surface of the moon has been detected by Sofia, a hundred times more than that in the Sahara Desert.
"Before we studied Sophia, we knew that there is a kind of hydration (hydration)." But we did not know how much is there and how many molecules of water that we drink daily. Or is it more like water used in sanitation? ”He said that very small amounts of water have been detected, but this discovery raises new questions about how water was created and that it is on the lunar surface without air.