The US space agency NASA's Persistence Rover made history on Mars when it purified carbon dioxide (CO-2) from the red planet's atmosphere and converted it into breathable oxygen.
NASA said, "This is the first time that this success has been achieved on any other planet." This success may open the way for human needs on Mars in the future.
On a seven-month journey from Earth to Mars on February 18, Perseverance Rover made an unprecedented discovery that a toaster-shaped moxie device produced 5 grams of oxygen.
According to NASA, this oxygen is equivalent to 10 minutes of breathing of an astronaut. According to NASA scientists, oxygen production on another planet for the first time is modest, but this experiment shows that the environment of another planet can be used to breathe directly by humans using natural resources.
Trudi Courts, director of technology affairs at the NASA Space Technology Mission Directorate, described it as a future technology that could help stay off the ground.
So this search is important
A device called moxie uses excessive heat to separate oxygen radicals from CO2 molecules through electrolysis. Mars has only 95 percent CO2 in its atmosphere. Here the remaining five percent is nitrogen and argon. Oxygen exists only on Mars. This can ensure oxygen supply to the first colony to settle on Mars.
A lot of oxygen will be needed
NASA aims to deliver humans to Mars by 2033 and is preparing to deal with all the challenges related to it. One of these challenges will be to produce oxygen on Mars because it will not be possible to carry such a large amount of oxygen in eight months' journey from Earth to Mars. In such a situation, it would be very important to arrange for oxygen to be made on Mars itself.
MIT made moxi equipment
The instrument, named Moxie, has been designed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). It is prepared from heat-resistant materials such as metals such as nickel alloys. This device can also tolerate temperatures of up to 800 Celsius.