India is the only country in the world, which, with its first attempt in its Mars mission, became the most successful country to complete the cheapest campaign. At the same time, the US space agency NASA not only brought an Indian-made helicopter to Mars but also proved its dream of flying it while sitting on the earth 23 million km away. On February 18, after 7 months of continuous travel, the Perseverance Rover was successfully landed in the Jagero Crater area of Mars. Let us know that NASA was planning to discontinue this flight test in early May 2021. However, it has now extended a month, allowing Ingenuity Helicopter to deal with the difficult conditions in new terrains of Mars.
The first helicopter to fly on another planet
Significantly, in February in search of life on Mars (Mars Mission), NASA has already sent two rovers and another rover named Perseverance has been sent to the red planet. NASA has also sent a small helicopter Ingenuity. The small chopper Ingenuity, shipped with Perception, is the first rotorcraft to be flown anywhere else in the Earth's atmosphere. With the help of this, the study will be made easier in such places where rover or humans will not be able to go.
Helicopter Ingenuity first started operations on the surface of Mars on April 5, with the rover on the surface of Mars. Subsequently, on April 19, the Ingenuity helicopter successfully pre-determined a 30-second flight to an altitude of 10 feet. At the same time, the second successful flight took place on 22 April, which was 16 feet in 51.9 seconds. Even now, this helicopter will fly several flights to the most inaccessible Jagero crater area of Mars. According to the days of Mars, there will be many flights in 31 days, but no flight will be more than 16.5 feet high and with a circumference of more than 300 feet at a time.
Why is this mission important
NASA's Persistence Rover will find answers to many important questions related to astrobiology on Mars. The biggest question is whether life on Mars is possible? This mission will not only search for places on Mars where life has been before, but will also search for signs of microbial live present there. The Perceived Rover will take samples from rocks and soil on Mars, and future missions will bring these samples back to Earth. Actually, to study these samples, scientists will need a large lab which is not possible to take to Mars.
Where will I find the answer?
For two years after landing, perseverance would find traces of life in the Gajero crater. According to NASA, the Jagero crater is the best place for persistence and experiments can be done there. Jjero is the floor of a dried-up ancient lake. It is the oldest and most interesting place on Mars. Even though this lake has dried up today, it is expected that carbonated minerals can be found in the bottom of the lake or in the shore sediment. Fossils are found in them on Earth, so it is possible that they will be able to open layers of the history of Mars.