Apart from India, many other countries are also troubled by the new wave of the Corona epidemic. In such a situation, the question is why the whole world is so helpless in front of this virus? How will this crisis hover over the eight billion people of the world? If vaccination is the only solution, then how can we get such a large amount of vaccine?
Iran is facing the fourth wave
Turkey had to face a lockdown for the first time last week due to rising cases. In the past week, Iran has recorded the highest number of cases in one day. Iran's President Hassan Rouhani has said that the country is facing the fourth wave of the Kovid-19 epidemic. On the other hand, a large number of new infections and deaths in the Latin American country Brazil remain difficult to control.
Fear of new wave in western countries
According to America's John Hopkins University, the highest number of deaths per 100,000 population is still in Brazil. The fear of a new wave has also deepened in Western countries, which were planning to start a normal life till a few days ago.
Possibility of termination of a vaccine patent
The deepening crisis has led to the Geneva-based World Trade Organization (WTO) raising the issue of patent removal or postponement of the corona vaccine. If the patent (intellectual property rights) were removed, then the formulas from which the companies created the vaccine, their technology, and knowledge of how to make those vaccines, would have to be shared with the vaccine manufacturers of different countries. With this, the doses of these vaccines will be prepared in larger numbers. Experts say that vaccination is the only way to overcome the coronavirus.
Rich countries occupy vaccines
There is currently a shortage of vaccine doses in the world. The majority of the wealth that Dodge Pfizer-BioNotech, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson and AstraZeneca companies have created has been captured by the rich countries. Therefore, most developing countries have to depend on the vaccine of China and Russia.
China's vaccine soon approved
It is reported that the World Health Organization will soon approve the vaccine made in China. The specialty of the vaccines of AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson, and both Chinese companies is that they can be kept at normal refrigerator temperatures. Therefore, it is easy to carry them in developing countries. Pfizer and Moderna do not have this feature with the vaccine.
China will give one crore doses to poor countries
China has promised 10 million doses to Covax, a program under the supervision of the World Health Organization, to supply vaccines to developing and poor countries. Apart from this, under bilateral agreements from different countries, he has sent them 100 million doses. A large number of these vaccine doses have been given as grants.
First priority is saving lives: Thomas Bolicki
Thomas Bolicki, director of the Global Health Program at the American think-tank Council on Foreign Relations, told American TV channel CNN that the first priority at the moment is to prevent new infections and save people from dying. In such a situation, China is happy to give a vaccine grant, but it is doing so according to its strategic interests. It has promised to provide vaccines to about 65 countries, mostly those which are part of China's Belt and Road Initiative.
All companies suspend patents, only then everyone will be able to get vaccines
Experts say that unless all companies postpone their patents for the Corona vaccine, vaccination of the entire population of around eight billion in the world will not be possible. However, the problem of production will remain even after the patent is removed. Limited countries have the capacity to produce vaccines.
Experts have estimated that vaccine supply will continue to be a barrier for the next six to 12 months. Turkey's Health Minister Fahratin Koka said last week that it would be difficult for his country to get the vaccine for the next two months. Turkey has signed an agreement to bring 50 million doses of Russian vaccine Sputnik-V. Apart from this, he is also trying to prepare the vaccine inside his country. Work is underway to produce five vaccines in Cuba, two of which are in Phase III trials.
Cases equal to the first five months came in a week
But as of now, the supply of the vaccine remains sporadic, while the new form of coronavirus and the new wave of infection have brought the world back to where it was a year ago. Rather the situation is much worse than that. The World Health Organization has noted that there were as many cases of new infections in the world last week as in the first five months after the epidemic.