China's unmanned spacecraft reaches Mars orbit

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China has claimed that its unmanned spacecraft Tianwen-1 entered Mars orbit on Wednesday evening at 7.52 pm (Beijing time).


The 240-kg vehicle, which has traveled for nearly six-and-a-half months, is China's first independent Mars expedition, which has been sent on a mission to land a rover on Mars and collect data of possible signs of life in the groundwater and ancient times.


Earlier in 2011, a joint effort with Russia failed. The Tianwen-1 vehicle will attempt to land a rover's capsule on Mars in May or June. After this, the rover will study the surface of Mars for 90 days. Before this, India has been successful in sending the vehicle into the orbit of Mars for the first time.


This is the second chance for a country's vehicle to enter Mars's orbit within two days. The United Arab Emirates orbiter reached the orbit of this red planet on Tuesday before China. Next week, America will also try to land its Preservation Rover on the surface of Mars.

All three Mars missions were sent in July last year. Since the first Mangalyaan sent by Russia on October 19, 1960, so far in the last 61 years, 8 countries have sent 58 times to study this red planet. Among them, the US has done the most 29 times and Russia (former the Soviet Union) 22 times.