Slow death of liberal democracy ... P Chidambaram is raising questions


The Constitution of India has a preamble. Many people do not read the preamble or understand its importance. Even those who are familiar with select provisions such as 'Fundamental Rights', 'Article 32', or 'Emergency' may not know about the preamble.

The day the Constituent Assembly adopted it, the Preamble declared, "We, the people of India, pledge to make India a fully sovereign democratic republic." (Socialist and secular terms were added in January 1977 to define our country) The preamble also goes on to proclaim that 'We pledge to all our citizens:

Justice ...


Will give parity ... and all of them

Will increase fraternity ... '

It is these words that define who we are as a nation and what the Republic of India - a liberal democracy - will be like.

These words last forever

These were the slogans of war during the French Revolution (1789): freedom, equality, fraternity, or death. Some countries put President Emmanuel Macron in the dock to remind the people of France and all those who want to live within its borders that these are the words that will always define the French Republic and the French people Huh. After Samuel Patty, a teacher at the hands of an Islamic terrorist, Macron said, "We accept all differences with a sense of peace." We cannot accept hatred and we will defend prudential debate. We will continue this. We will always stand in favor of human dignity and universal values. '

Many countries have included these three words in one form or another in their constitutions. They claim themselves to be liberal democracies, as India does. Although increasingly in many countries, including India, this claim is proving to be weak. Many countries have failed in the first test as 'democracy', leave aside the next test whether these democracies are 'liberal' or not.

Dark side

A recent issue of Time magazine lists the hundred most influential people in the world. I looked at six heads of nation or government in it: Narendra Modi, Xi Jinping, Angela Merkel, Zair Bolsonaro (Brazil), Donald Trump, and Sai Ing-Wen (Taiwan). Modi and Trump are indeed leaders of elected democracies, but they too will reject the label of being 'liberal'. Only Merkel and Cy are the core of genuine liberal democracies. If you add the names of the heads of some big and powerful countries, the picture will get worse. There are many examples of autocratic and elected democracies in Central Asia, Africa, Latin America, and our neighborhood, but there is no real liberal democracy in them.

Time magazine wrote about Modi: '... The Dalai Lama has praised India as an example of harmony and stability. Narendra Modi put all this in doubt ... his party rejected not only excellence but also pluralism ... The crisis of epidemic became an excuse to suppress opposition. And the world's most vibrant democracy was lost in darkness. '

Other countries are also fighting their shadows. After the death of Justice Ruth Baader Ginsburg, President Trump nominated Judge Amy Connie Barett to the US Supreme Court without losing any time and the nomination process was completed unexpectedly in just thirty days. Liberal Americans, especially women, fear that greater liberal achievements in the form of school inclusion, abortion rights, affordable health protection, and non-partisan migration regulations may be out of hand.

Who are we?

Democracy does not mean a liberal country. A democracy can be transformed into 'conservatism' in a short period of time, as is happening in India. Citizenship of millions of people has been put in doubt, freedom of speech has been curbed, media has been tightened, protests have been banned or they have been strictly limited, political manipulations are being encouraged, The state is patronizing one religion or one language, pluralism is being promoted as culture, minorities and the underprivileged are living in fear, the police obey the orders of their political masters and not the law, military-political issues But also speaking, tax and law enforcement agencies have become tools of oppression, the sad part is that only a few people are watching what is happening. And of those who are able to see, many of them will remain silent.

When laws were passed without voting in Parliament; When politicians were detained for months without any charge; When sedition cases are filed against writers, poets, professors, students, and social workers; When no one is to be blamed for the demolition of a centuries-old shrine; When an FIR is not lodged and arrested for several days after the death statement of a girl who was raped and brutally assaulted; When the word 'encounter' becomes part of the police terminology; When governors obstruct the functioning of elected governments; And when important institutions are left without heads or many posts are vacant, then the country moves a step towards deep darkness.