Nipah virus has been confirmed in the caves located at Mahabaleshwar in the Satara district of Maharashtra. Mahabaleshwar is also called mini Kashmir in India. Every year thousands of tourists reach there. In the year 2020, the National Institute of Virology, Pune took samples of bat saliva from the cave of Mahabaleshwar. During their investigation, the Nipah virus has been confirmed. Let us tell you that this is the first time that this virus has been confirmed in bats in this way in Maharashtra. After this confirmation, the tourist places of Mahabaleshwar-Panchgani in the Satara district have been closed for the time being.
Let us tell you that this is not a new virus and its infection has been prevented in the past. In the year 2018, 17 people died in Kerala due to the Nipah virus. However, about 75 percent of patients infected with this virus die, that is why it is called a dead virus. Even at present, no medicine is available for this, but in the opinion of experts, prevention is the only solution. This virus is mainly spread by bats. It is worth noting that the saliva of bats that eat fruit remains on the fruit itself. In such a situation, when any other animal or person eats these fruits, then he gets infected with them.
The first case of this virus in the world was reported in Malaysia's Kampung Sungai village. Because of this, Nipah was added in front of the name of this village. This virus causes the most damage to the brain. The UN's health agency, the World Health Organization, believes that it was spread to humans through pigs. After this, its first case was reported in Singapore. Nipah virus is included in the top ten viruses of WHO. Cases were also reported in India in the year 2001 and Bangladesh in the year 2004.
In 1998, more than 100 people died due to this in Malaysia. If we talk about the symptoms of this virus, then it includes high fever, vomiting, and fainting, shortness of breath. At the same time, the measures that have been suggested for its prevention at the international level include special attention to cleanliness, washing hands before and after eating, keeping a distance from contaminated food and drink, do not eat fruits that have fallen from trees. is included.
Let us tell you that the incubation period or infectious time of the Nipah virus is much longer than other viruses. This is about 45 days. It also means that any person or animal can spread its infection further for so many days. In the opinion of experts, its symptoms are also like encephalitis. It causes swelling in the brain and the patient dies. A report that surfaced in 2020 suggests that the use of land is constantly changing. Due to the extinction of forests, bats have come very close to humans. Because of this, its risk has also increased. The report was published in the University of Exeter Review.