The meteorite formed during the formation of the Solar System can give a lot of information about the mysteries related to life on Earth.
Asteroids and meteors are such objects in our Solar System that have not changed since their birth. This is the reason why our scientists are so interested in their study. They hope that they can get information about the secrets of the early times of our solar system. Now scientists believe that they have discovered a meteorite that was formed in the first one million years after the formation of our solar system. It is believed to be the oldest meteorite formed from a volcano. It is believed that it was formed before the formation of the planets of our solar system. . (Photo: Wikimedia Commons)
The name of this meteorite is Erg Chech 002 or EC 200, which was discovered in May 2020 by Meteor Hunters in the Sahara Desert of Algeria. It remained there for about a hundred years. The study, by geochemist Alix Barrett of France and Brest University and colleagues, is published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. In this study, researchers have discussed in detail the discovery and characteristics of this meteorite. (Photo: Wikimedia Commons)
Barrett says that 43 official fragments of this meteorite have been found so far. At the same time, about a hundred pieces are still buried in the ground or their record has not been made. The biggest piece is as big as a man's fist. EC 002 appears greenish-brown in color but it is a very rare item. So far, 65 thousand meteorites have been documented on Earth. Of these, only 4,000 have different types of material that have come from celestial bodies that are so large that tectonic activities can occur in them. Of these four thousand, 95 percent came from only two asteroids. But EC 002 is out of five percent. (symbolic photo: Shutterstock)
Barrett says that this meteorite is one of those 65 thousand meteorites. Such rocks used to be very common in the early times of the history of the Solar System. There can be two reasons why EC002 is too low. The planets of the solar system were formed from the same protoplanet from which the protoplanet (the original composition of the planets) came out. Other types of protoplanets became smaller in the astronomical events of the solar system. (symbolic photo: Shutterstock)
It is said about the Moon that many asteroids have collided there, but recently other types of protoplanet have fallen in it. The study said that no asteroid has the same characteristics as EC002. This shows that all types of protoplanets had disappeared. They were either spent in the formation of big planets or they were destroyed. The researchers estimate that the parent body of EC 002 should be at least 100 kilometers larger. (file photo)
Researchers say that EC 002 was formed within one million years of the formation of the Solar System. Metal meteorites come from the nucleus of a protoplanet, but EC 002 originated from a volcano, which means that it was part of its crust, not a protoplanet core. Experts believe that its special structure was the result of several coincidental events. (symbolic photo: Shutterstock)
In the protoplanet, lava must have accumulated on the surface, which would have been heated by the aluminum of the core. The meteorite crust may have solidified a bit because it has shown signs of rapid cooling. But the rest of the body would not have cooled as fast. After this, it must have been thrown into space by some force like a volcano. This body was formed 4.65 billion years ago. It used to travel for ages and 26 million years ago its piece kept traveling apart until it collided with the Earth. (symbolic photo: Shutterstock)