Investigators have established that, the present Zika epidemic in Latin America is probable to burn itself out within three years. Zika is a disease caused and spread through Aedes aegypti mosquito bites and was announced a community health urgent situation of worldwide concern by the World Health Organisation previous this year. The research established that the plague cannot be carry with obtainable control measures, but the subsequently large-scale epidemic was unlikely to appear for at slightest another ten years even though there is a possibility of smaller outbreaks in this era. Lead author Neil Ferguson, Professor at Imperial College London further conveyed that Zika extend is not containable, but that the epidemic will burn itself out within 2-3 years. The researchers also conveyed that, the finish of the epidemic trait to the information that people are unlikely to be infected with Zika two times.
Neil Ferguson further conveyed that, the present volatile epidemic will burn itself out due to a phenomenon called herd immunity. Since the virus is powerless to infect the similar person twice —but thanks to the immune system generating antibodies to kill it — the epidemic reaches a stage where there are too few people left to infect for transmission to be continued. The researchers warned by conveying that, though, any efforts to sluggish spread of the virus may, in fact, prolong the present epidemic. Neil Ferguson further added that, slowing transmission between people means the population will take longer to reach the level of herd immunity needed for transmission to stop. It strength also mean that the window flanked by epidemics which we predict may be over a decade could actually get shorter. Though the latent end of the epidemic is no doubt positive, it does increase issues for vaccine development. For the research, the squad collated all existing data for Zika transmission across Latin America. The squad then used this information, next to data on similar viruses such as dengue, to build a mathematical model to represent the present epidemic and prospect waves of transmission.