New Delhi: Not only the uncontrollable temperature, but a large variety of diseases that can harm you. These are Chickenpox, Mumps, Jaundice, Typhoid, Summer Infection Diseases etc.
Chickenpox: The boils resembled the peck marks of a chicken, and the disease was named ‘chicken pox’. Itchy red rash like spots or boils all over the body, usually seen in children. Caused by air-borne particles, the disease spreads when an already infected person sneezes or coughs. Another mode of transmission is if a caregiver touches the blisters or the fluid oozing out of it.
Symptoms are fever, headache and sore throat. After about a day or two a rash like blister appears in a localized part of the body which will later spread to the entire body. The boils or blisters burst after about 2 days and once they crust over, the patient can resume their daily activities. It takes about 10 days for the body to recover from the illness. Once you suffer from chicken pox you will not suffer the disease again in life due to the natural immunity, the first attack confers you. There is a vaccine available to protect yourself against this virus.
Jaundice: Its other name is Hepatitis A, it is a water-borne disease caused mainly by contaminated water supplies and food cooked in unclean places. It affects the liver causing over-production of bile. Symptoms of jaundice include yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes and the whites of the eyes, light-colored stools, dark-colored urine and itching of the skin. There is a vaccine available to protect yourself against this disease.
Typhoid: It is water borne disease. Bacteria called Salmonella typhi. Passed on through the oro-feacal route. The bacterium is commonly found in unsanitary food or water sources area. Its common symptoms include high fever, fatigue, weakness, pain in the abdomen, headache, loss of appetite, and sometimes a rash. There are two types of vaccines available to protect you against typhoid. One is a vaccine that uses the killed bacteria, and is injected into a person. The second is the attenuated or weakened bacterium that is administered in the form of medicine or a pill.