Skandamata, or the mother of Kumar Skanda, is worshiped on the fifth day of Navratri. As a symbol of fertility, motherhood, mother-child relationships and endurance, she is often depicted holding her six-headed-son in her lap. Worshiping this goddess is believed to bring purity of mind, as her devotees enter the Vishudh Chakra i.e., a state of being in undiluted thoughts. After attaining their true desires, worshipers shout the slogan “Jai Skandamata”.
‘Skanda‘ refers to Lord Kartikeya, and ‘Mata’ means mother. This, Goddess Parvati is called Skandamata as she is the mother of the warrior God, who was chosen by Gods as their commander in chief in the war against the demons
This fair or shubra (white) complexioned, three-eyed and four-armed deity is seen mounted on a ferocious lion while holding two lotus flowers in each of her upper two arms. With her lower right hand, she holds her son Skanda, while her other hand is raised in Abhay mudra to bestow blessings upon her seekers.
It’s believed that she usually sits on a lotus flower while meditating. Because of this, she is also known as Padamasani and Vidyavahini.
According to the Hindu mythology there is story about the origin of the Skandamata which is depicted below:
According to Hindu mythology, when all devtas (deities), manushya (mankind) and rishis (sages) were tired by the atrocities of demon Tarkasur, they sought help from Brahma to help end this demon’s tyranny. Brahma, who was earlier pleased by the hard penance of Tarkasur, granted him with the boon of invincibility from all, except Lord Shiva’s son. Upon being urged by all the devtas,Lord Shiva agreed and got married to Parvati, the daughter of Himalaya and later, their son Skandadestroyed the demon. Being the mother of such a valiant son, Goddess Parvati came to be known as Skandamata. This devi became the fifth form of Goddess Durga.