Goddess Kushmanda, the fourth form of Goddess Durga, is worshiped on the 4th day of Navratri. She dwells in the abode of Sun God. That is why her hue and splendour is as brilliant as the sun itself. It is her splendour that pervades every plant and creature of this universe.
All the ten quarters are illuminated by her divine refulgence.It is believed that it was this form of Adishakti that created the universe with her smile. The goddess is draped in Red saree and on this day Bhouma Chaturthi is followed. The color for the fourth day to be worn is Red.
According to the Hindu mythology there is a story behind the origin of Kushmanda which is depicted here:
According to mythological stories it is believed that Lord Vishnu was able to start the creation of the universe when Goddess Kushmanda smiled and she created the whole universe when there was no existence of living being.
According to Durga Saptshati, Goddess Durga was very pleased with her avatar of Kushmanda. It is believed that the supreme goddess of power or Adi-Parashakti, appeared in the form of Siddhidatrifrom the left side of lord Shiva’s body. After taking the form of Siddhidariti, Goddess Parvati started to live inside the core of the sun and, hence, came to be known as Kushmanda Devi. This implies that Kushmanda Devi is the only goddess who resides in the core of the sun, from where she controls the entire solar system.
The name Kushmanda is made of three other words that are “Ku + Ushma + Amnda= Kushmanda”. Here “Ku” is “Little”, “Ushma” is “Warmth or Energy” and “Anda” is “Egg”, meaning the one who create universe as “Little Cosmic Egg” with the energy of her divine smile, is called “Kushmanda”.
Kushmanda Devi is depicted with eight hands. She has kamandal, dhanush, bada and kamal in the right hands whereas, she is holding an amrit-kalash, jap-mala, gada and chakra in her left hands. Her beautiful female form is seen sitting on a lion that denotes dharma and justice.