New Delhi: What is HIV and AIDS? AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is also referred to as advanced HIV infection or late-stage HIV and is caused by the HIV virus. It is when a person’s immune system is too weak to fight off many infections, and develops it. This is the last stage of HIV infection where the body can no longer defend itself and may develop various diseases, infections and if left untreated, death. However, with the right treatment and support, people can live long and healthy lives with HIV. To do this, it is especially important to take treatment correctly and deal with any possible side-effects. HIV is a virus that gradually attacks the immune system, which is our body’s natural defence against illness. If a person becomes infected with HIV, they will find it harder to fight off infections and diseases. The virus destroys a type of white blood cell called a T-helper cell and makes copies of it inside them.
Earlier the death rate in India for HIV and AIDS patients was too high. Nearly almost every patient’s life was reduced because of this disease. The statistical scale shows higher death rate of HIV and AIDS patients. But now deaths caused by AIDS reduced nearly 55% in India in the past years, whereas HIV infections came down by 66% since 2000.
According to recent statistics presented by health minister J P Nadda at an ongoing high-level United Nations meeting in New York, death rate decline. In 2007, India had recorded 1, 48,309 such deaths; where as in 2015, the figure still stood at just 67,600. The meeting is evaluating the completion of the UN AIDS control programme. Globally, such deaths declined 41% between 2005 to 2015. Between 2000 and 2015, new HIV infections in India dropped from 2.51 lakh to 86,000 – compared with a global fall of just 35%.
The UN General Assembly has planned to fast-track the execution of AIDS control strategies to end the plague across the world by 2030. Nadda conveyed that countries must work together to achieve the set target. India is targeting to make the AIDS cure drugs sooner as possible and made it available worldwide. India faced various problems on account of AIDS plague over last 15 years and now has been able to direct the challenge, Nadda conveyed in UN meeting. Government has helped the community with appropriate funding, to save the affected population.