Brazil’s Senado Federal on August 31 voted to remove President Dilma Rousseff from office, the conclusion of a yearlong fight that paralyzed Latin America’s largest nation and uncovered deep rifts among its people on everything from race relations to social spending.
The Federal Senate is the upper house of the National Congress of Brazil. Created by the firs tConstitution of the Brazilian Empire in 1824, it was initially similar to the United Kingdom's House of Lords. Since theProclamation of the Republic in 1889 the Federal Senate has resembled the United States Senate.
While Rousseff’s ouster was generally expected, the decision was a important fact in a colossal political struggle that is far from over. Her vice president turned nemesis, Michel Temer, was instantly sworn in as president with Rousseff’s allies take an oath to fight her removal.
Rousseff was Brazil’s first female president, with a storied career that includes a stint as a Marxist guerrilla jailed and tortured in the 1970s during the country’s dictatorship. She was accused of breaking fiscal laws in her management of the federal budget.
Now the 75-year-old, who will serve out the presidential term through 2018, must win the confidence of a nation bitterly divided by the impeachment process and frustrated by the worst recession in decades.
He must also overcome Brazilians’ disillusionment with the political class, which many see him embodying, after a sweeping corruption scandal at the state oil company Petrobras that has ensnared his party.
“It is time to reunite the country and put national interests above those of groups,” Temer said in his first televised address as president. “I repeat my commitment to democratically dialogue with all sectors of Brazilian society.”
The impeachment vote ended 13 years of government by the leftist Workers' Party in Latin America's biggest economy.
But senators fell short of the majority vote needed to bar Rousseff from public office.
"We will be back. We will be back to continue our course towards a Brazil in which the people are sovereign," Rousseff take an oath.