New Delhi: The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. It produces hormones that manage the speed of your metabolism — the system that helps the body use energy. Thyroid disorders can slow down metabolism by disrupting the production of thyroid hormones. The estimates vary, but about millions of people have this common medical state. In fact, as many as 10% of women may have some degree of thyroid hormone deficiency. Hypothyroidism is more common than you would believe, and millions of people are currently hypothyroid and don't know it. A study conducted transversely in the country and has exposed that ten out of every forty Indians has abnormal thyroid levels. Of the 200 million people who experience from thyroid disorders worldwide, 42 million are in India.
The research conducted by SRL Diagnostics, more than 20 lakh samples were screened, out of which 25.3% were originate to have abnormal thyroid levels. Women had a superior percentage of abnormality (26%) as compared to men (24%). The uppermost occurrence of abnormal thyroid principles was seen in the country. Dr Leena Chatterjee, director, Fortis Labs conveyed that,"There is an important require to arrive at out to the ample and make consciousness about the causes, symptoms, treatment and significance of testing for thyroid disorders." Surplus thyroid hormone consequences in a state known as hyperthyroidism even as insufficient hormone manufacture leads to hypothyroidism. Dr Phulrenu Chauhan, head of the department of endocrinology at PD Hinduja Hospital, conveyed that "The occurrence of thyroid has disappeared up in post-menopausal women. Young people are also flat to thyroid issues." She further conveyed that while the situation is comparatively fewer ordinary in males, elder men with cardiac issues are more at risk.